Shen Nong tasted hundreds of herbs-神农尝百草

According to legend, in addition to inventing farming technology, Shennong also tasted all kinds of herbs and invented medical skills, making him the ancestor of medicine. “Historical Records: Supplementary Records of the Three Emperors” contains: “Shennong made wax sacrifices, whipped grass and trees with ocher whips, and tasted hundreds of herbs, and then there was medicine.” “Huainanzi Xiuwu Xun” recorded: “Shennong tasted the taste of hundreds of herbs, He encountered seventy poisons in one day.” “Sou Shen Ji” also wrote: “Shennong used ocher whip to whip hundreds of herbs, knowing that it has the property of calming poison and cold temperature, and is responsible for the odor, so that it can be sown in hundreds of grains.” Shennong tasted hundreds of herbs. The myth has been passed down for a long time and continues to this day.

Shen Nong selected grains and cultivated fields. People had enough food to eat. However, some people were still poisoned by eating things they shouldn’t eat, or often fell ill, or were injured while fishing and hunting. After getting sick, people don’t know how to relieve the disease, so they can only endure it. Some people survive it, and some people die of the disease. Seeing the people suffering from diseases, Shen Nong was very anxious. He asked many people for advice and tried many methods, such as roasting, watering, freezing, etc., but the effects were not ideal and sometimes even worsened the condition.
Shennong took a few assistants and simple luggage and set off from his hometown towards the mountains. He traveled day and night and finally reached the foot of the mountain. At this time, his legs were swollen and his feet had blisters, but he still started climbing over the mountain without stopping. There are all kinds of exotic flowers and plants growing on the mountain. Whenever Shen Nong saw a plant, he would pick it off and put it in his mouth to taste. Then he would record the characteristics and properties of the plant, the feeling of eating it in his mouth and the body’s reaction after eating it. .
Once, as soon as he put a piece of grass into his mouth and chewed it twice, his body suddenly went numb, he lost consciousness, and fell to the ground. The assistant beside him hurriedly helped him sit up. He knew that he had eaten highly poisonous grass, but his whole body was paralyzed. He could not speak, so he had to raise his hand with all his strength, pointing to the red grass in front of him, and then to his own. mouth. The assistants quickly picked the red grass, put it in their mouths, chewed it, and fed it to him. After Shen Nong ate this grass, the poison immediately dissipated, his body was no longer numb, his head was no longer dizzy, and he could speak. The grass that Shennong used to detoxify was Ganoderma lucidum. Later, people knew from this that Ganoderma lucidum could bring the dead back to life.
This time it was a near miss. Although he knew that if he continued to taste, this kind of danger would happen again, and he might not be so lucky next time, but he continued to climb over the mountains and ridges, tasting every place he went. of vegetation. The mountain roads are twists and turns, rugged and difficult to navigate because the vegetation is lush and the sunlight cannot penetrate. Many mountain roads are covered with moss and are slippery. If you are not careful, you will fall into the valley. In addition, in the deep mountains, in addition to poisonous weeds, there are also poisonous snakes and beasts. Haunted and very dangerous.
Once, in the woods of a deep mountain, Shennong was besieged by several venomous snakes. He was bitten by the venomous snakes and was seriously injured. He fell into a coma and was dying. The Queen Mother of the West in heaven was grateful to him for trying the medicine on his own body to save the common people, so she sent a blue bird to carry her elixir into the forest to detoxify Shennong. The blue bird found him and fed the elixir into his mouth, and Shennong slowly woke up. When the blue bird saw that he was awake, it flew back to resume its life. Shennong was grateful for God’s blessing and thanked him loudly. Unexpectedly, when he opened his mouth, the elixir fell to the ground. Soon a piece of green grass grew on the ground, with a red bead on top. Shennong took a closer look and saw that the red bead was exactly the same as the elixir, so he took it off and put it in his mouth. Immediately, the pain in his body was relieved and the symptoms of poisoning were cured. He was very happy because there would be a cure for his bites from poisonous snakes in the future. He named this herb “a pearl on the top of the head”. Later, pharmacologists named it “Trillium”.

In this way, he climbed one mountain after another, tasting all the flowers and plants on the mountain each time, and then climbed another mountain. He tasted 365 kinds of herbs, recorded the functions of various herbs, and wrote “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” Sutra, when people are sick, they can collect herbal medicines to treat the symptoms. Later, when Shen Nong was collecting medicinal herbs in the mountains, he accidentally tasted the herbal medicine and was unable to detoxify it, so he died.

Shennong found grains for the people, tried medicine himself, and invented medicine. In order to commemorate his great merits, there are many various forms of commemorative activities among the people. Temples are built for him and held on the 5th to 20th of the first lunar month every year. Sacrificial activities are held – it is said that Shennong was born on the fifth day of the first lunar month, and he also prays for a good harvest. In the old days, a portrait of Shennong was often enshrined in drug stores. In the portrait, Shennong was holding herbs in his hand, with thick eyebrows, big eyes, and a sweet smile.